Lifestyle recommendations to reduce the risk of kidney stones
(1) Internal Medicine and Subacute Critical Care Clinic, Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Parma
Source: Urol Clin North Am. 2011 Aug;38(3):313-20
DOI: 10.1016/j.ucl.2011.04.002 Publication date: 2011 Aug E-Publication date: June 8, 2001 Availability: abstract Copyright: © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Language: English Countries: Not specified Location: Not specified Correspondence address: email@example.com
Kidney stones are increasingly common in wealthy industrialized countries. The most frequent form (80%) is idiopathic calcium stone disease. Eating habits and lifestyle have a direct effect on the lithogenic urinary risk factors and the pathogenesis of this condition. A diet characterized by a high intake of fluids, fruits, and vegetables; a low consumption of salt and protein; and a balanced intake of calcium, fats, and carbohydrates constitutes an efficacious approach to the prevention and treatment of this illness. A correct body weight, regular exercise, and a reduction in stressful life events are also useful preventive actions.