Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is a novel signaling molecule with both pro- or anti-inflammatory effect. The present study aimed to: (i) characterize the in vitro effects of H(2)S on human keratinocyte's proliferation and death; (ii) investigate the ability of H(2)S to modulate VEGF and NO production; (iii) examine the intracellular signaling pathways involved in VEGF and NO modulatory effect. We found that exogenous application of H(2)S (NaHS and GYY4137 as H(2)S donors) significantly enhances NO through increase of iNOS, in a manner Akt-dependent. The increment in NO down-regulates ERK1/2 activation thereby resulting in the decrease of VEGF release. We suggest that H(2)S-releasing agents may be promising therapeutics for chronic inflammatory disorders of the skin, i.e. psoriasis, in which NO increases as well as anti-VEGF treatments have been suggested to be novel effective approaches.