Osteoarthritis: Epidemiology

Authors: Arden N (1) , Nevitt M (2)
(1) MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital (2) Prevension Sciences Group, University of California
Source: Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2006 Feb;20(1):3-25
DOI: 10.1016/j.berh.2005.09.007 Publication date: 2006 Feb E-Publication date: Not specified Availability: abstract Copyright: © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Language: English Countries: Not specified Location: Not specified Correspondence address: N. Arden : Tel.: +44 2380 764 027; nka@mrc.soton.ac.uk


Article abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disorder in the world. In Western populations it is one of the most frequent causes of pain, loss of function and disability in adults. Radiographic evidence of OA occurs in the majority of people by 65 years of age and in about 80% of those aged over 75 years. In the US it is second only to ischaemic heart disease as a cause of work disability in men over 50 years of age, and accounts for more hospitalizations than rheumatoid arthritis (RA) each year. Despite this public health impact, OA remains an enigmatic condition to the epidemiologist. In this chapter, we will review the definition and classification of OA, its prevalence, incidence, risk factors and natural history.

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