110 patients suffering from laparoscopical verified salpingitis and desire for a baby, were treated with tetracycline (oxytetracycline or doxycycline; TC)/metronidazole (n = 67), augmentan (n = 22) or cipropfloxacin/metronidazole (n = 21). After an average period of 11.6 weeks, all patients underwent second-look laparoscopy with dye insufflation. In 34 patients treated with TC/metronidazole, the effects of additional physio-therapeutical measures were examined under conditions as they prevail in a Spa. 33 patients without balneotherapy served as controls. All the 4 groups were comparable (p greater than 0.05) in respect of mean age, percentage, share of nulliparous women, salpingitis gonorrhoica, contraceptive behaviour and also of the stage of salpingitis. All antibiotic regimens used resulted in a prompt decrease of inflammatory clinical signs after five days (temperature, blood sedimentation rate, leukocytes). Only 2 of 34 patients treated by additional cure at a Spa reported complaints, whereas complaints were reported by 14 of 33 control patients (p less than 0.01), 7 of 22 (p less than 0.01) treated with augmentan and to 7 of 21 (p less than 0.01) treated with ciprofloxacin/metronidazole. The tubal occlusion rates amounted to 33.3% (TC/metronidazole), 32.3% (TC/metronidazole and balneotherapy), 22.7% (augmentan) and 23.8% ciprofloxacin/metronidazole. The differences did not attain statistical significance (p greater than 0.05). With regard to adhesions, there were, likewise, no significant differences between findings at first laparoscopy and second look-laparoscopy, respectively. It is concluded, that additional physiotherapeutic measures, after antibiotic therapy of acute salpingitis, reduce the frequency of lower abdominal pain, but do not result in an improvement of tubal occlusion and reduction of adhesions.