Rehabilitation in a case of severe osteoporosis with prevalent fractures in a patient known with multiple sclerosis and prolonged glucocorticoid therapy

Authors: Popa FL (1,2) , Iliescu MG (3,4) , Stanciu M (1,2) , Georgeanu V (5)
(1) “Emergency Clinical County Hospital of Sibiu, Department of Medical Reabilitation” (2) “Lucian Blaga“ University of Sibiu (3) “Ovidius” University of Constanta (4) Balneal and Rehabilitation Sanatorium of Techirghiol (5) "Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy
Source: Balneo and PRM Research Journal
DOI: 10.12680/balneo.2021.451 Publication date: 2021 Sep E-Publication date: 2021 Sep Availability: full text Copyright: Not specified
Language: English Countries: Not specified Location: Not specified Correspondence address: ILIESCU Madalina Gabriela:


Article abstract

Introduction. Osteoporosis has a major influence on the quality of life because of its impact on bone strength. Osteoporosis and fractures are frequent in patients with multiple sclerosis, decreased mobility being an important risk factor in these patients.

Objectives. This paper presents a case of severe osteoporosis in a patient with multiple sclerosis, to emphasize a correlation between this two pathologies.

Material and Methods. We present the case of a female Caucasian patient, aged 65 years, known with progressive multiple sclerosis, on long-term use of glucocorticoids, and severe osteoporosis, who is investigated for mechanical pain and functional deficiency in the lumbar spine and the right hip, motor deficit, predominantly on right limbs and walking disorders. The patient was diagnosed with severe osteoporosis treated with raloxifene and bisphosphonates, with multiple vertebral fractures and vitamin D deficiency. During hospitalization the patient followed myorelaxant therapy and an individualized rehabilitation program.

Results and discussion. During follow-up, there was a significant increase followed by a recent decrease in bone mass density in the lumbar spine and hip. The patient was recommended a loading dose of cholecalciferol for three months and initiation of teriparatide therapy after restoring 25-hydroxy vitamin D levels.

Conclusion. In patients with multiple sclerosis,screening and early management of osteoporosis and osteopenia are essential.

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