Efficacy of combined liman peloid baths and heliotherapy in the treatment of psoriasis at Cervia spa, Emilia, Italy

Authors: Melandri D (1) , Albano VM (2) , Venturi M (1) , Flamigni A (3) , Vairetti M (4)
(1) Dermatology Units and Burn Center Ausl Romagna, Bufalini Hospital (2) Dermatology Unit Ausl Romagna, Infermi Hospital (3) Riolo Terme (4) Department Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pavia
Source: Int J Biometeorol. 2020 Mar 5
DOI: 10.1007/s00484-020-01888-y Publication date: Not specified E-Publication date: March 5, 2020 Availability: abstract Copyright: © 2020, Springer Nature
Language: English Countries: Italy Location: Cervia Correspondence address: mariapia.vairetti@unipv.it


Article abstract

This study assessed the effects of liman peloid, followed by bath and heliotherapy in psoriatic patients at Cervia, Emilia, Italy. The psoriatic patients were randomized into two groups: group 1 with 56 patients, treated with liman applications, bath, and heliotherapy, and group 2 with 35 subjects, treated with mud-bath therapy using a clay peloid mixed with tap water and heliotherapy. Data was collected for the following: psoriasis area and severity index (PASI); delta-PASI (difference between post- and pre-treatment PASI); delta-PASI3 and delta-PASI6, 3 and 6 months after the end of treatment, respectively; psoriasis recurrences; and the use of both topical and systemic drugs. Although not significant, a decrease in PASI was recorded in group 1 at the end of treatment and after 3 and 6 months. Compared with group 2, there was a significant change in delta-PASI, delta-PASI3, and psoriasis recurrences in group 1 as well as a significant reduction in the topical use of drugs, both cortisone and nonsteroid drugs. This is the first and preliminary study which documented the efficacy of a specific protocol of liman bath heliotherapy in psoriatic patients as documented by a reduction in delta-PASI and delta-PASI3, a decrease in psoriasis recurrences, and use of topical drugs.

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