The Use of Cuff Weights for Aquatic Gait Training in People Post‐Stroke with Hemiparesis

Authors: Nishiyori R (1) , Lai B (2) , Lee DK (3) , Vrongistinos K (2) , Jung T (2)
(1) Kinesiology, University of Michigan (2) Kinesiology, California State University, Northridge (3) Psychology, New York University
Source: Physiother Res Int
DOI: 10.1002/pri.1617 Publication date: Not specified E-Publication date: Dec. 22, 2014 Availability: abstract Copyright: Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Language: English Countries: Not specified Location: Not specified Correspondence address:


Article abstract

Background and Purpose

This study aimed to examine how spatiotemporal and kinematic gait variables are influenced by the application of a cuff weight during aquatic walking in people post‐stroke. The secondary purpose was to compare the differences in gait responses between the placements of cuff weights on the proximal (knee weight) and distal end (ankle weight) of the shank.


Twenty‐one participants post‐stroke with hemiparesis aged 66.3 ± 11.3 years participated in a cross‐sectional comparative study. Participants completed two aquatic walking trials at their self‐selected maximum walking speed across an 8‐m walkway under each of the three conditions: 1) walking with a knee weight; 2) walking with an ankle weight; and 3) walking with no weight. Cuff weights were worn on the paretic leg of each participant. Gait speed, cadence, step width and joint kinematics of the hip, knee and ankle joints were recorded by a customized three‐dimensional underwater motion analysis system.


Mean aquatic walking speeds significantly increased with the use of cuff weights when compared to walking with no weight. Changes in gait variables were found in the non‐paretic leg with the addition of weight, while no significant changes were found in the paretic leg.


The results suggest that the use of additional weight can be helpful if the goal of gait training is to improve walking speed of people post‐stroke during pool floor walking. However, it is interesting to note that changes in gait variables were not found in the paretic limb where favourable responses were expected to occur. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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