This study aimed to evaluate the effects of balneotherapy on acute, process-related, and cumulative peripheral cardiac responses and pulmonary functions in patients with musculoskeletal disorders.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Ninety-eight patients with musculoskeletal disorders referred to physiotherapy with balneotherapy were recruited. The patients received balneotherapy for 20 min 5 times per week for 2 weeks. Blood pressure and pulse were measured at the 0th, 5th, 10th, 20th, and 30th minutes during the 1st and 10th sessions. All patients were subjected to pulmonary function testing before balneotherapy and after the 10th session.
It was found that systolic blood pressure decreased between the 10th and 20th minutes of the 1st session and between the 10th and 20th minutes and the 20th and 30th minutes of the 10th session (P < 0.05). Diastolic blood pressure (DBP) decreased and pulse increased during balneotherapy (P < 0.05). DBP increase and pulse decrease were observed during recovery time (P < 0.05). The blood pressure decreased and the pulse increased after the 1st session and after the 10th session (P < 0.05). Pulmonary function improved after balneotherapy (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Balneotherapy may be effective for improving peripheral cardiopulmonary responses in patients with musculoskeletal disorders.