The effects of the calcium-magnesium-bicarbonate content in thermal mineral water on chronic low back pain: a randomized, controlled follow-up study

Authors: Gáti T (1,2) , Tefner IK (2) , Kovács L (3) , Hodosi K (4) , Bender T (1,5)
(1) Polyclinic of the Hospitaller Brothers of St. John of God (2) Józsefváros Municipal Health Service (3) Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Center, Mezőkövesd, Mezőkövesd, Hungary (4) Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen (5) Budai Irgalmasrendi Kórház, Árpád fejedelem u. 7, 1023
Source: Int J Biometeorol. 2018 Jan 10
DOI: 10.1007/s00484-017-1491-1 Publication date: Not specified E-Publication date: Jan. 10, 2018 Availability: abstract Copyright: © ISB 2018
Language: English Countries: Not specified Location: Not specified Correspondence address:


Article abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of balneotherapy on chronic low back pain. This is a minimized, follow-up study evaluated according to the analysis of intention to treat. The subjects included in the study were 105 patients suffering from chronic low back pain. The control group (n = 53) received the traditional musculoskeletal pain killer treatment, while the target group (n = 52) attended thermal mineral water treatment for 3 weeks for 15 occasions on top of the usual musculoskeletal pain killer treatment. The following parameters were measured before, right after, and 9 weeks after the 3-week therapy: the level of low back pain in rest and the level during activity are tested using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS); specific questionnaire on the back pain (Oswestry); and a questionnaire on quality of life (EuroQual-5D). All of the investigated parameters improved significantly (p < 0.001) in the target group by the end of the treatment compared to the base period, and this improvement was persistent during the follow-up period. There were no significant changes in the measured parameters in the control group. Based on our results, balneotherapy might have favorable impact on the clinical parameters and quality of life of patients suffering from chronic low back pain.

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