Peloids and pelotherapy: Historical evolution, classification and glossary

Authors: Gomes C (1) , Carretero MI (2) , Pozo M (3) , Maraver F (4) , Cantista P (5) , Armijo F (4) , Legido JL (6) , Teixeira F (7) , Rautureau M (8) , Delgado R (9)
(1) GeoBioTec, Research Unit of FCT, University of Aveiro (2) Crystallography, Mineralogy and Agrochemistry Dept., Faculty of Chemistry, University of Sevilla (3) Geology and Geochemistry Dept., Science Faculty, Autonoma Un. Madrid (4) Professional School of Medical Hydrology, Medicine Faculty, Complutense Un. Madrid (5) Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto (6) Dept. Applied Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Vigo (7) Institute of Climatology and Hydrology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra (8) University of Orleans (9) Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Granada
Source: Applied Clay Science Volumes 75–76, May 2013, Pages 28–38
DOI: 10.1016/j.clay.2013.02.008 Publication date: 2013 May E-Publication date: April 1, 2013 Availability: abstract Copyright: © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Language: English Countries: Not specified Location: Not specified Correspondence address: Celso Gomes : Tel.: + 351 234370200; fax: + 351 234370605


Article abstract

Targets, concepts, principles, methods, historical evolution, interactions with other sciences, systems, and implications on society are common fundamentals to any science or scientific field. With regard to concepts they can be expressed differently by people from different educational backgrounds and experiences, but preserving the fundamental ideas. Concepts can also evolve over times. This paper shows the changes undergone by the concept of peloid since the creation of this term and meaning in 1933, and the arguments that justified those changes. Also, the systems or classifications of peloids have evolved since the first classification proposed in 1937. This paper shows the classifications which have been proposed since then and the fundamentals on which they were based upon. Also a new, short and concise definition and classification of peloids are proposed.

Relevant inconsistencies are found in the scientific literature regarding both nomenclature and definition of terms used in health resort medicine or spa therapy, skin care, balneology, balneotherapy, hydrotherapy, mud therapy, pelotherapy, thalassotherapy, climatology, and climatotherapy. Even the international general acceptance of these methods and terms is not fully recognized. A glossary with the terms and corresponding technical definitions does not exist. A glossary in English, the idiom worldwide used for science communication, prepared by an ad hoc Working Group constituted by the authors of the present paper is herewith proposed.

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